Democrats charge X of making money off of propaganda from Hamas.

A group of House Democrats has accused X, formerly known as Twitter, of benefiting from Hamas propaganda and spreading misinformation about the Israel-Hamas war. The lawmakers, led by Reps. Adam Schiff, Daniel Goldman, and Jamie Raskin addressed a letter to X owner Elon Musk and CEO Linda Yaccarino, citing reports from organizations such as the Institute for Strategic Dialogue, NewsGuard, and the Tech Transparency Project.

The letter, dated Tuesday, expressed the lawmakers' outrage over evidence suggesting that X is profiting from the dissemination of Hamas's terrorist propaganda. The accusations include collecting monthly subscription fees from propaganda spreaders and displaying ads in replies to posts by both Premium and regular accounts. The group raised concerns about X's content moderation, noting significant cuts to staff and implying a willful allowance of illegal spread of terrorist propaganda.

X has not immediately responded to the lawmakers' accusations. A report by NewsGuard on Wednesday claimed that ads from major advertisers, including Pizza Hut, Airbnb, and Microsoft, appeared on viral posts spreading false or misleading claims about the Israel-Hamas war. X had earlier announced a donation of advertising and subscription revenue associated with the war to hospitals in Israel and the Red Cross/Crescent in Gaza.

The House Democrats' pressure on X adds to the platform's recent challenges related to extremist content and a loss of high-profile advertisers. Elon Musk's public embrace of an antisemitic conspiracy theory and a report by Media Matters linking major brands' advertisements to pro-Nazi content have also contributed to the platform's woes. Musk sued Media Matters, but critics have questioned the strength of the complaint in the context of the First Amendment.

The letter to X's leadership, demanding a response by December 1, coincides with the Senate Judiciary Committee's announcement that it had enlisted the US Marshals Service to serve CEO Linda Yaccarino with a subpoena personally. This move comes after X declined to accept the subpoena on Yaccarino's behalf, leading to the committee's decision to compel her testimony at a December 6 hearing on children's online safety.